Berne's Publications

A Complete Bibliography 
 of Eric Berne’s Publications

Originally compiled and annotated by Robert Cranmer, 1971
Revised and expanded by Ann Heathcote, 2010
(Co-authored publications included at end of list)

1939a     Psychiatric aspects of porencephaly. American Journal of Psychiatry96, 723-731.
Published under the name “E. Lennard Bernstein”.
1939b Psychiatry in Syria. American Journal of Psychiatry95, 1415-1419.
Published under the name “E. Lennard Bernstein”.
 1940 Who was condom? Human Fertility5(6), 172-175, 186-?.
Published under the name “E. Lennard Bernstein”.
1944 The problem of masturbation. Diseases of the Nervous System5(10), 310-305.
1947 The mind in action: Being a layman’s guide to psychiatry. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Second edition published in 1957 under the title, A layman’s guide to psychiatry and psychoanalysis; third edition published in 1968.
1949a The nature of intuition. Psychiatric Quarterly23, 203-226.
The first in Berne’s series of six articles on intuition.
1949b Some oriental mental hospitals. American Journal of Psychiatry106, 376-383.
1950 Cultural aspects of a multiple murder. Psychiatric Quarterly Supplement24,250-269.
A Filipino man "ran amuck" and killed five men.  Why?  The case is studied in terms of the murderer's ancient tribal customs, childhood experiences, environment, and religious instruction.
1952 Concerning the nature of diagnosis. International Record of Medicine165, 283-292.
Diagnosis is dependent, to some definite degree, on the use of intuition.  Examples of the use of intuition in diagnostics are given and the intuitive process is further analyzed.  The second in Berne’s series of six articles on intuition. 
1953a Concerning the nature of communication. Psychiatric Quarterly27, 185-198.
Any emission of energy which affects an organism may be called a communication, provided it is understood by the receiver. "Noise" often tells more to the receiver than does the "information." The third in Berne’s series of six articles on intuition. 
1953b Principles of group psychotherapy. Indian Journal of Neurology & Psychiatry4, 119-137.
(Annotation not possible at this time due to unavailability of publication.)
1954 The natural history of a spontaneous therapy group. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy4, 74-85.
Berne reports on his second major experience with formal group therapy, following 18 months of group therapy in the Army.  "Spontaneous" means members started the group without referral from a doctor.  Berne reflects on this successful 5-year long group experience.
1955a Group attendance: Clinical and theoretical considerations. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy5, 392-403.
This study contradicted almost all of Berne's preconceptions concerning attendance in therapy groups.  His tabulations reveal some remarkable consistencies among the five groups studied.
1955b Intuition IV. Primal images and primal judgment. Psychiatric Quarterly29634-658.
The primal image and primal judgment are defined.  Primal images are sometimes activated in interpersonal relationships and are related to the formation of basic judgments concerning people encountered.  The clinical value of using primal judgments is discussed.  The fourth in Berne’s series of six articles on intuition.
1956a Comparative psychiatry and tropical psychiatry. American Journal of Psychiatry,113, 193-200.
Comparative psychiatry defined as the study of psychiatric problems in one group as compared to those in another group.  Results of such studies indicated that illnesses and treatments are similar in various parts of the world.
1956b The psychological structure of space with some remarks on Robinson Crusoe.Psychoanalytic Quarterly25, 549-567.
Interest in exploration, measurement, or utilization of space are sublimations, respectively, of oral, anal, and phallic attitudes.
1957a Ego states in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy11(2), 293-309.
Structural analysis is presented as a new psychotherapeutic approach.
1957b Intuition V. The ego image. Psychiatric Quarterly31, 611-627.
The ego image refers to an ego state.  Berne gives clinical examples of the value of ego states as guiding influences in therapy, recognizing the importance of separating "adult" from "child."  The fifth in Berne’s series of six articles on intuition.
1957c A layman’s guide to psychiatry and psychoanalysis. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Originally published as The mind in action, 1947; third edition published 1968.
1958a Group therapy abroad. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 8, 466-470.
Evidence tends to show the nature of psychiatric disorders and the response of patients to various forms of treatment is uniform across mankind.  The therapeutic value of group therapy appears to be one of those universals.
1958b Transactional analysis: A new and effective method of group therapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy12, 735-743.
First published appearance of the term "transactional analysis." A seminal article.
1959a Difficulties of comparative psychiatry: The Fiji Islands. American Journal of Psychiatry116, 104-109.
Certain interpretations of Fiji Islands psychiatric data, which tend to give false conclusions, are discussed in detail.
1959b The mythology of dark and fair: Psychiatric use of folklore. Journal of American Folklore72(283), 1-13.
An analysis of racism; "White is good -- black is evil."  Black and white are contrasted in the many ways this myth has affected our lives since 3066 B.C.  A case is presented of a Spanish-American woman who suffered severely from having dark skin.
1959c Principles of Transactional Analysis. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 215-221.
Berne wrote this as a corresponding member of the Indian Psychiatric Society.
1959d Psychiatric epidemiology of the Fiji Islands. Progress in Psychotherapy4, 310-313. [New York: Grune & Stratton]
Statistics tend to indicate that "the stress of modern life" does not increase the tendency to seek psychiatric hospitalization.
1960a The cultural problem: Psychopathology in Tahiti. American Journal of Psychiatry116, 1076-1081.
1960b A psychiatric census of the South Pacific. American Journal of Psychiatry117, 44-47.
1960c “Psychoanalytic” versus “dynamic” group therapy. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy10, 98-103.
Psychoanalysis and group therapy are two different therapies and need to be understood as such, especially by group therapists.  Berne suggested calling group therapy "psychodynamic" or "dynamic," but not "psychoanalytic."
1961a Cultural factors in group therapy. International Mental Health Research Newsletter3, 3-4.
1961b Transactional analysis in psychotherapy: A systematic individual and social psychiatry. New York: Grove Press. 
Often seen as Berne's main contribution to transactional analysis theory and practice.
1962a Classification of positions. Transactional Analysis Bulletin1(3), 23.
1962b In treatment . Transactional Analysis Bulletin1(2), 10.
1962c Intuition VI. The psychodynamics of intuition. Psychiatric Quarterly36, 294-300.
The sixth in Berne’s series of six articles on intuition. 
1962d The obesity “problem”. Transactional Analysis Bulletin1(2), 11.
1962e Teaching group therapy. Transactional Analysis Bulletin1(2), 11.
1962f Terminology. Transactional Analysis Bulletin1(3), 24.
1963a Ego. In Albert Deutsch & Helen Fishman (Eds.), The encyclopedia of mental health, Volume 11, (pp. 515-520). New York: Franklin Watts. 381pp.
1963b Organizational history of the San Francisco Social Psychiatry Seminars.Transactional Analysis Bulletin2(5), 45.
1963c The structure and dynamics of organizations and groups. New York: Grove Press.
1964a Games people play: The psychology of human relationships. New York: Grove Press.
The original complete elucidation of game theory.
1964b The intimacy experiment. Transactional Analysis Bulletin3(9), 113.
1964c More about intimacy. Transactional Analysis Bulletin3(10), 125.
1964d Pathological significance of games. Transactional Analysis Bulletin3(12), 160.
1964e Principles of Transactional Analysis. Current Psychiatric Therapies4, 35-45.
1964f Review: Four books on group therapy. American Journal Orthopsychiatry, 34, 584-589.
1964g Trading stamps. Transactional Analysis Bulletin3(10), 127.
1965 The public eye. Transactional Analysis Bulletin4(16), 81.
1966a Preliminary orientation: ITAA summer conference. Transactional Analysis Bulletin5(20), 171-172.
1966b Principles of group treatment. New York: Oxford University Press.
1966c The public eye (continued). Transactional Analysis Bulletin5(17), 101-102.
1966d The public eye (concluded). Transactional Analysis Bulletin5(18), 132.
1966e Recent advances in Transactional Analysis. Current Psychiatric Therapies6, 114-124.
1967a Notes on games and theatre: Eric Berne from an interview by Arthur Wagner.Tulane Drama Review11(4), 89-91.
1967b Preliminary orientation: Fifth summer conference. Transactional Analysis Bulletin6(24), 83.
1968a The happy valley. New York: Grove Press.
A children's book about a python named Shardlu who earns a living by being nice to people on Tuesday night and Friday morning.  Berne's first and only book for children.
1968b History of the ITAA: 1958-1968. Transactional Analysis Bulletin7(25), 19-20.
These first 10 years saw the spread and growth of TA as an international therapeutic method.
1968c A layman’s guide to psychiatry and psychoanalysis. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Originally published as The mind in action, 1947; second edition published in 1957 under the title, A layman’s guide to psychiatry and psychoanalysis.
1968d Staff-patient staff conferences. American Journal of Psychiatry125(3), 286-293.
Describes a procedure whereby, following a ward meeting or group therapy session, the staff holds its professional conference -- including treatment planning -- in the presence of the patients.  If certain listed rules are followed and each member of the staff speaks frankly and to the point, patients of all ages and diagnostic categories are almost unanimously appreciative.  A few staff members find this procedure distasteful while others find it congenial, stimulating, and therapeutically valuable.
1969a Editor’s page. Transactional Analysis Bulletin8(29), 7-8.
According to Berne, there are two crusades to undertake: 1) lower the infant mortality rate; and 2) increase our aesthetic standards.
1969b Minimal basic science curriculum for clinical membership in the ITAA.Transactional Analysis Bulletin8(32), 108-110.
1969c Reparenting in schizophrenia: Introduction. Transactional Analysis Bulletin,8(31), 45-47.
One element in curing a schizophrenic was missing from transactional analysis, game analysis, and script analysis -- namely reparenting, using boldness, theoretical clarity, and devotion. "This the Schiffs have done."
1969d Reply to Dr. Shapiro’s critique. Psychological Reports25, 478.
In replying to a critique by Dr. Stewart Shapiro, Berne clarifies the concepts of ego states, inner dialogue, and "growth" in a sharp, effective manner. [Shapiro, S. (1969). Critique of Eric Berne's contributions to subself theory. Psychological Reports25, 283-296.]
1969e Standard nomenclature. Transactional Analysis Bulletin8(32), 111-112.
1970a Eric Berne as group therapist. Roche Report: Frontiers of Hospital Psychiatry,7(10), 75-83.
Reprinted in the Transactional Analysis Bulletin9(35), 75-83.
1970b Eric Berne as group therapist. Transactional Analysis Bulletin9(35), 75-83.
Transcription of taped therapy session conducted by Berne at a closed ward of McAuley Neuropsychiatric Institute at St. Mary's Hospital, San Francisco, 1970.  The observer method is used with two groups alternating as "patients" and "observers."  Later reprinted in Muriel James (Ed.), Techniques in transactional analysis for psychotherapists and counselors (pp. 333-340). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
1970c Sex in human loving. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Serialized in the Ladies Home Journal beginning October 1970.  Based on the 1966 Jake Gimbel Sex Lectures, University of California Medical Center, San Francisco, 1966.  Originally titled “Sex in Human Living”.  Published after Berne’s death.
1971 Away from a theory of the impact of interpersonal interaction on non-verbal participation. Transactional Analysis Journal1(1), 6-13.
1972 What do you say after you say hello? The psychology of human destiny. New York: Grove Press.
Published posthumously, featuring a full discussion of scripts and how they function.
1973 Transcription of Eric Berne in Vienna, 1968: IV International Congress of Group Psychotherapy. Transactional Analysis Journal3(1), 63-72.
1976 (Eds. C. Steiner & C. Kerr). Beyond games and scripts: With selections from his major writings. New York: Grove Press.
Posthumous collection of Berne's writings on transactional analysis.
1977 (Ed. Paul McCormick).  Intuition and ego states: The origins of transactional analysis. SF: Harper & Row.
Posthumous collection of early papers, including the origins of transactional analysis.
1978 Games people play at Christmas. Transactional Analysis Journal8(4), 322-325.
1989a Ego states in psychotherapy. Texas Association for Counselling and Development17(2), 127-141.
1989b A terminated case with follow up. In Wedding, Danny & Corsini, Raymond I. (Eds.). Case studies in psychotherapy, xiv, 241pp. Itasca, Il: F. E. Peacock Pubs.
2010 A Montreal childhood. Sevilla: Editorial Jeder.
Posthumously published memoir edited by Terence (Terry) Berne, Eric Berne’s youngest of seven children.

Co-Authored Publications

1941 Bernstein, Eric L. & Feitelson, Norman. Apprehension and Pain: The practical introspections of a psychiatrist. Journal of the American Dental Association28, 1129-1132.
1946      Capt. Berne, E., Lt. Col. Stiles, Merrit H., & Maj. Pike, George M. Diagnosis of acute porphyria. Northwest Medicine (Seattle), 45(3), 166-169.
1960 Berne, Eric, Starrels, R. J. and Trinchero, Agnes. Leadership hunger in a therapy group. American Medical Association Archives of General Psychiatry,2[Jan.], 75-80.
In an experimental situation, the absence of the leader for three consecutive meetings caused deterioration of the group performance and indicated profound psychological dependence on the leader.
1962 Berne, E., Birnbaum, R., Poindexter, R., & Rosenfeld, B. Institutional games.Transactional Analysis Bulletin1(2), 12-13.
1963 Haiberg, Gordon., Sefness, W. R., & Berne, Eric. Destiny and script choices.Transactional Analysis Bulletin2(6), 59-60.
1967 Berne, E. & other discussants. Characterological aspects of marital interaction.Psychoanalytic Forum2, 7-29.
1969a Berne, Eric, Harris, Thomas, Steiner, Claude & Hall, Norman [of Grove Press, Inc]. Writing for publication. Transactional Analysis Bulletin8(32), 88-89.
1969b  Poindexter, W. Ray & Berne, Eric. Games prevent social progress. In:Hemmende Structuren in der Heutigen Industriegesellschaft. (Inhibiting structures in today’s industrial society). ZH: Switzerland: Buchdruckerei, Schuck Sohne AB, Rushchlikon. pp. 153-170.
The book has been published only in German.
1972 Levin, Pamela & Berne, Eric. Games nurses play. American Journal of Nursing,72(3), 483-487.
1973 Berne, E., Steiner, C. M. & Dusay, J. M. Transactional analysis. In Ratibor-Ray M. Jurjevich (Ed.), Direct psychotherapy: 28 American originals (pp. 370-393). Coral Gables, Florida: University of Miami Press.
1996 Berne, E., Steiner, C. M. & Dusay, J. M. Transactional analysis. In Groves, James E. (Ed.), Essential papers on short-term dynamic therapy (pp. 149-170). New York: New York University Press. (Reprinted by permission of Miami Press from Direct psychotherapy: 28 American originals. Coral Gables, 1973, pp. 370-393)